Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Is There Water Ice in the Lunar Polar Craters?

Version 1 : Received: 30 May 2020 / Approved: 31 May 2020 / Online: 31 May 2020 (21:58:06 CEST)

How to cite: Sun, T. Is There Water Ice in the Lunar Polar Craters?. Preprints 2020, 2020050523 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0523.v1). Sun, T. Is There Water Ice in the Lunar Polar Craters?. Preprints 2020, 2020050523 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0523.v1).

Abstract

This literature review found that it is doubtful that there is water ice in the polar craters on the Moon. In the course of this review, the following findings were found: (1) The absorption strength of hydroxyl radicals and hydroxyl groups are all 2.9μm, so it is easy to confuse hydroxyl radicals and hydroxyl groups when interpreting M3 spectra data. I do not doubt the ability of LCROSS to detect OH from water, but only suspect that LCROSS is unable to distinguish between hydroxyl radicals from water ice and hydroxyl groups from Moon's methanol due to ignore their spectral identity; (2) The water brought by comets and asteroids and the one caused by solar wind has been exhausted by reacts with the widespread methanol on the Moon in the presence of Pt/α-MoC or Pt/C catalysts. These reacts form large amount of hydrogen, thus clarifying a question NASA raised that "Scientists have long speculated about the source of vast quantities of hydrogen that have been observed at the lunar poles"; (3) The vast quantities of hydrogen in lunar polar craters at extremely low temperatures might be in liquid or solid state now, easy to confuse with water ice. It seems that all our previous misconceptions about water ice in the lunar polar craters might be due to the neglect of the widespread chemical role of lunar methanol. It is necessary to conduct in-depth research in this field in the future.

Subject Areas

water ice; hydroxyl radicals; methanol; hydroxyl groups; spectral identity; confusion

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