Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Impact of Gross Strap Muscle Invasion on Outcome of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 13 May 2020 / Approved: 14 May 2020 / Online: 14 May 2020 (11:35:41 CEST)

How to cite: Zhang, L.; Liu, J.; Wang, P.; Xue, S.; Li, J.; Chen, G. Impact of Gross Strap Muscle Invasion on Outcome of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020050235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0235.v1). Zhang, L.; Liu, J.; Wang, P.; Xue, S.; Li, J.; Chen, G. Impact of Gross Strap Muscle Invasion on Outcome of Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020050235 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0235.v1).

Abstract

Gross strap muscle invasion (gSMI) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) was defined as high-risk recurrent group in the 2015 American Thyroid Association guidelines. However, controversy persists because several studies suggested gSMI had little effect on disease outcome. Herein, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to investigate impact of gSMI on outcome of DTC. Methods: A systematic search of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and MEDLINE) for studies published until February 2020 was performed. Case-control studies and randomized controlled trials that studied the impact of gSMI on outcome of DTC were included. Results: Six studies (all retrospective studies) involving 13639 patients met final inclusion criteria. Compared with no extrathyroidal extension (ETE), patients with gSMI were associated with increased risk of recurrence (P=0.0004,OR, 1.46; 95% CI: 1.18 to 1.80) and lymph node metastasis (LNM) (P<0.00001,OR 4.19;95% CI. 2.53 to 6.96). For mortality (P=0.34,OR 1.47;95% CI:0.67 to 3.25), ten-year disease-specific survival (P=0.80, OR 0.91;95% CI:0.44 to 1.88) and distant metastasis (DM) (P=0.21, OR 2.94;95% CI. 0.54 to 15.93), there was no significant difference between gSMI and no ETE group. In contrast with maximal ETE, patients with gSMI were associated with decreased risk of recurrence (P<0.0001,OR, 0.58; 95% CI: 0.44 to 0.76) , mortality (P=0.0003,OR 0.20;95% CI:0.08 to 0.48), LNM (P=0.0003,OR 0.64;95% CI. 0.50 to 0.81) and DM (P=0.0009,OR 0.28;95% CI. 0.13 to 0.59). Conclusions: DTC patients with gSMI had a higher risk of recurrence and LNM than those without ETE. However, in contrast with maximal ETE, a much better prognosis was observed in DTC patients with only gSMI. The findings of our meta-analysis provide supportive evidence for the validity of the T category changes in the 8th edition American Joint Committee on Cancer system. The actual impact of gSMI should be re-evaluated and revised in the recurrent risk stratification system in the future.

Subject Areas

strap muscle invasion; prognosis; differentiated thyroid carcinoma; meta-analysis; review

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