Decano, A.G.; Tran, N.; Al-Foori, H.; Al-Awadi, B.; Campbell, L.; Ellison, K.; Mirabueno, L.P.; Nelson, M.; Power, S.; Smith, G.; Smyth, C.; Vance, Z.; Woods, C.; Rahm, A.; Downing, T. Plasmids Shape the Diverse Accessory Resistomes of Escherichia coli ST131. Preprints2020, 2020050140. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0140.v1
Decano, A.G., Tran, N., Al-Foori, H., Al-Awadi, B., Campbell, L., Ellison, K., Mirabueno, L.P., Nelson, M., Power, S., Smith, G., Smyth, C., Vance, Z., Woods, C., Rahm, A., & Downing, T. (2020). Plasmids Shape the Diverse Accessory Resistomes of Escherichia coli ST131. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0140.v1
Decano, A.G., Alexander Rahm and Tim Downing. 2020 "Plasmids Shape the Diverse Accessory Resistomes of Escherichia coli ST131" Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0140.v1
The human gut microbiome includes beneficial, commensal and pathogenic bacteria that possess antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes and exchange these predominantly through conjugative plasmids. Escherichia coli is a significant component of the gastrointestinal microbiome and is typically non-pathogenic in this niche. In contrast, extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) including ST131 may occupy other environments like the urinary tract or bloodstream where they express genes enabling AMR and host adhesion like type 1 fimbriae. The extent to which non-pathogenic gut E. coli and infectious ST131 share AMR genes and key associated plasmids remains understudied at a genomic level. Here, we examined AMR gene sharing between gut E. coli and ST131 to discover an extensive shared preterm infant resistome. In addition, individual ST131 show extensive AMR gene diversity highlighting that analyses restricted to the core genome may be limiting and could miss AMR gene transfer patterns. We show that pEK499-like segments are ancestral to most ST131 Clade C isolates, contrasting with a minority with substantial pEK204-like regions encoding a type IV fimbriae operon. Moreover, ST131 possess extensive diversity at genes encoding type 1, type IV, P and F17-like fimbriae, particular within subclade C2. The type, structure and composition of AMR genes, plasmids and fimbriae varies widely in ST131 and this may mediate pathogenicity and infection outcomes.
Biology and Life Sciences, Immunology and Microbiology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.