Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Thermal Decomposition Behavior of 3D Printing Filaments Made of Wood-filled Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Starch Blend

Version 1 : Received: 3 May 2020 / Approved: 5 May 2020 / Online: 5 May 2020 (05:44:47 CEST)

How to cite: Sun, Y.; Lee, D.; Wang, Y.; Li, S.; Ying, J.; Liu, X.; Xu, G.; Gwon, J.; Wu, Q. Thermal Decomposition Behavior of 3D Printing Filaments Made of Wood-filled Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Starch Blend. Preprints 2020, 2020050062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0062.v1). Sun, Y.; Lee, D.; Wang, Y.; Li, S.; Ying, J.; Liu, X.; Xu, G.; Gwon, J.; Wu, Q. Thermal Decomposition Behavior of 3D Printing Filaments Made of Wood-filled Polylactic Acid (PLA)/Starch Blend. Preprints 2020, 2020050062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0062.v1).

Abstract

Dynamic thermogravimetric (TG) analysis under nitrogen environment was used to understand the thermal decomposition process of 3D printing filaments made of wood-filled polylactic acid (PLA)/starch blend. The characteristic temperatures and apparent activation energy (AAE) of the filaments with various starch contents were calculated with well-known kinetic models by Friedman, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Coats-Redfern and Kissinger. With the increased starch content in the filament, the onset thermal decomposition temperatures of the filaments decreased gradually from 272.4 to 155.1°C. The thermal degradation degree became smaller, and the transitional temperature interval became larger with increased starch proportion. The AAE values of the three types of filaments with different starch ratios varied between 97 kJ/mol and 114 kJ/mol, depending on material composition and method of calculation. The improved understanding of thermal decomposition behavior of PLA-starch-wood composites can help develop more biodegradable PLA/starch-based filaments for 3D printing.

Subject Areas

Wood-filled PLA; Thermal Decomposition; Starch; 3D printing

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