Preprint Essay Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2020 / Approved: 24 April 2020 / Online: 24 April 2020 (14:11:11 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 24 April 2020 / Approved: 27 April 2020 / Online: 27 April 2020 (03:07:12 CEST)

How to cite: Tan, H.; Jia, Y.; Li, Y.; Hou, W. China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century. Preprints 2020, 2020040447 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0447.v1). Tan, H.; Jia, Y.; Li, Y.; Hou, W. China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century. Preprints 2020, 2020040447 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0447.v1).

Abstract

Managing epidemics need to unite each individual of the nations. Lockdown is an essential strategy to fatal and threatening epidemic. All of the citizens should realize that each of people has a responsibility to support the public health crisis. How to organize individual to fight against the epidemic plaque depends each of them. This essay discussed the COVID-19 pandemic relevant self-governance of community from a historical perspective in China. Self-governance of neighborhood committee and community residential office in urban and rural helped to control the COVID-19 pandemic in the communities in China. Co-operation and collective responsibility of citizens and community support is a critical condition to prevent epidemic. The community self-governance can track back Qin Dynasty in China history. It established baojia system to maintain social control for thousand years. Now, the community-based system, baojia system is becoming more autonomous for local citizenship and socialized governance in China. We reviewed a historical pneumonia plaque in North China in 1911. Chinese doctor, Wu Lien-teh (伍連德) confronted the epidemic crisis with many measures such as lockdown, quarantine, the wearing of mask, setup mobile hospitals, travel restriction, the cremation of victims, and border control. Dr. Wu made effort to establish the modern public health service in China. We think that the combination of culture background of China community with modern public healthcare system determinedly played important role to control the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subject Areas

neighborhood committee, collective responsibility, Baojia system, COVID-19 pandemic, Wu Lien-teh, China

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