Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Kidney Diseases and COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review Article

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2020 / Approved: 17 April 2020 / Online: 17 April 2020 (01:53:32 CEST)

How to cite: Abdelaziz, T. Kidney Diseases and COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review Article. Preprints 2020, 2020040289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0289.v1). Abdelaziz, T. Kidney Diseases and COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review Article. Preprints 2020, 2020040289 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0289.v1).

Abstract

In December 2019, an animal human coronavirus transmission occurred in Wuhan, China. A state of global pandemic was shortly declared, among a very rapid contagious spread of the virus. The causative virus was identified as SARS CoV 2 virus and is genetically related to the previous SARS outbreak in 2003. The virus causes wide clinical spectrum from mild flu like symptoms to adult respiratory distress syndrome. Kidney involvement has been reported in several reports in patients with various degrees of severity of SARS CoV2 infection. As knowledge is evolving, the accurate incidence of AKI is not known. Many questions are yet to be answered as regards the effect of epidemiological variables and comorbidities on the occurrence of AKI. Some reports have observed the occurrence of hematuria and proteinuria in a percentage of infected patients. Moreover, chronic kidney disease has not been found in some reports to add to the adverse outcomes, an aspect that merits further exploration. Patients on regular hemodialysis may be vulnerable to contagion due to lower status of immunity and need for frequent attendance to healthcare facilities. Due to the previous factors, prevention and mitigation of SARS CoV2 virus in this vulnerable population constitutes a major challenge.

Subject Areas

SARS Coronavirus; COVID-19; AKI; CKD

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