Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Current Literature and Status in India

Version 1 : Received: 11 April 2020 / Approved: 12 April 2020 / Online: 12 April 2020 (09:17:16 CEST)

How to cite: Jamwal, A.; Bhatnagar, S.; Sharma, P. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Current Literature and Status in India. Preprints 2020, 2020040189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0189.v1). Jamwal, A.; Bhatnagar, S.; Sharma, P. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Current Literature and Status in India. Preprints 2020, 2020040189 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0189.v1).

Abstract

COVID-19 disease outbreak was started in the December, 2019 in the Wuhan city of China which is also known as the largest transportation hub of China. During the spring festival of China the situation become epidemic. Soon, the virus is imported to many regions including the low income countries. Till now, 234073 infected reported cases of the COVID-19 in the world with the total of 9840 deaths (March 20, 2020). The common symptoms of the COVID-19 are the cough, high fever, sore throat, fatigue and breathlessness. The disease is found to be mild in most of the people, some of cases reported to the pneumonia also with multi organ dysfunction and acute ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome). It is found that the incubation period for the infection is 2-14 days which is usually 4 days in maximum of cases. India has reported 283 cases of COVID-19 infections till now with 4 deaths. India is still at stage 2 on local transmission as per WHO report 60. WHO reported 60 clearly stated that there is no community transmission occurred in India yet which can be prevented by the avoiding mass gathering and proper screening of the people. Govt. of India has taken many initiatives to minimize the spread of COVID-19 infection in the country. The infection rate of the COVID-19 in India remains low related to population size of the country. It is because of fast government action to quarantine the suspected people and shut down all its borders. There is a great slowdown in the global economy due to COVID-19 attack which is likely to costs around $1 trillion. The spread of COVID-19 infection can be reduced by minimizing the H-H transmissions. Still there is need of Anti-n-CoV drug development which can replace the supporting therapies for the treatment of infection.

Subject Areas

COVID-19; Coronavirus; SARS CoV; SARS CoV-2; novel CoV; India

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