Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sustainable and Dynamic Competitiveness Towards Technological Leadership of Industry 4.0: Implications for East African Community

Version 1 : Received: 12 April 2020 / Approved: 12 April 2020 / Online: 12 April 2020 (09:08:45 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Bongomin, O., Nganyi, E. O., Abswaidi, M. R., Hitiyise, E., & Tumusiime, G. (2020). Sustainable and Dynamic Competitiveness towards Technological Leadership of Industry 4.0: Implications for East African Community. Journal of Engineering, 2020, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8545281 Bongomin, O., Nganyi, E. O., Abswaidi, M. R., Hitiyise, E., & Tumusiime, G. (2020). Sustainable and Dynamic Competitiveness towards Technological Leadership of Industry 4.0: Implications for East African Community. Journal of Engineering, 2020, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8545281

Journal reference: Journal of Engineering 2020
DOI: 10.1155/2020/8545281

Abstract

The war to technology and economic power have been the driver for industrialization in most developed countries. The first industrial revolution (industry 1.0) earned millions for textile mill owners while the second industrial revolution (industry 2.0) opened the way for tycoons and captains of industry like John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan and Henry Ford. The third industrial revolution (industry 3.0) engendered technology giants like Apple and Microsoft, and made magnates of men like Steve Jobs and Bill Gates. Now, the race for the fourth industrial revolution (industry 4.0) is on and there is no option, every country whether developed or developing must participate. Many countries have positively responded to industry 4.0 by developing strategic initiatives to strengthen industry 4.0 implementation. Unlocking the country’s potential to industry 4.0 has been of interest to researchers in the recent past. However, the extent to which industry 4.0 initiatives being launched globally has never been revealed. Therefore, the present study aimed at exploring industry 4.0 initiatives through comprehensive electronic survey of literature to estimate the extend of its launching in different regions. Inferences were drawn from industry 4.0 initiatives in developed nations to be used as the recommendations for East Africa Community. Results of the survey revealed that 117 industry 4.0 initiatives have been launched in 56 countries worldwide consisting of five regions. The country’s percent of industry 4.0 initiatives as per region were: Latin America and the Caribbean (15%), North America (40%), Europe (53%), Asia and Oceania (25%), Middle East and Africa (11%). While the worldwide percent was estimated as 25%. This revealed that the big gap is existing between countries towards the race for industry 4.0.

Subject Areas

3D printing; Artificial intelligence; Big Data; Crafting the Future; Digital Strategy 2025; High-Tech Strategy 2025; ICT policy; Industry 4.0; Initiative; Internet of things; Made in China 2025; Make in India; M-Pesa; Public-private partnership; Society 5.0

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