Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mass in de Sitter and Anti-de-Sitter Universes with Regard to Dark Matter

Version 1 : Received: 6 April 2020 / Approved: 6 April 2020 / Online: 6 April 2020 (12:45:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Gazeau, J.-P. Mass in de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter Universes with Regard to Dark Matter. Universe 2020, 6, 66. Gazeau, J.-P. Mass in de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter Universes with Regard to Dark Matter. Universe 2020, 6, 66.


An explanation of the origin of dark matter is suggested in this work. The argument is based on symmetry considerations about the concept of mass. In the Wigner's view, the rest mass and the spin of a free elementary particle in flat space-time are the two invariants that characterize the associated unitary irreducible representation of the Poincar\'e group. The Poincar\'e group has two and only two deformations with maximal symmetry. They describe respectively the de Sitter (dS) and Anti de Sitter (AdS) kinematic symmetries. Analogously to their shared flat space-time limit, two invariants, spin and energy scale for de Sitter and rest energy for Anti de Sitter, characterize the unitary irreducible representation associated with dS and AdS elementary systems. While the dS energy scale is a simple deformation of the Poincaré rest energy and so has a purely mass nature, AdS rest energy is the sum of a purely mass component and a kind of zero-point energy derived from the curvature. An analysis based on recent estimates on the chemical freeze-out temperature marking in Early Universe the phase transition quark-gluon plasma epoch to the hadron epoch supports the guess that dark matter energy might originate from an effective AdS curvature energy.


de Sitter; Anti de Sitter; group representation; hadronization; dark matter; zero-point energy; quark-gluon plasma; critical point


Physical Sciences, Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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