Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Intra-Cystic (In Situ) Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma: A Clinico-Pathological Study of 14 Cases

Version 1 : Received: 1 April 2020 / Approved: 8 April 2020 / Online: 8 April 2020 (14:46:41 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Capodiferro, S.; Ingravallo, G.; Limongelli, L.; Mastropasqua, M.G.; Tempesta, A.; Favia, G.; Maiorano, E. Intra-Cystic (In Situ) Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma: A Clinico-Pathological Study of 14 Cases. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1157. Capodiferro, S.; Ingravallo, G.; Limongelli, L.; Mastropasqua, M.G.; Tempesta, A.; Favia, G.; Maiorano, E. Intra-Cystic (In Situ) Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma: A Clinico-Pathological Study of 14 Cases. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1157.

Journal reference: J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1157
DOI: 10.3390/jcm9041157

Abstract

Aims: To report on the clinico-pathological features of a series of 12 intra-oral mucoepidermoid carcinomas showing exclusive intra-cystic growth. Methods and methods: All mucoepidermoid carcinomas diagnosed in the period 1990-2012 were retrieved, the original histological preparations were reviewed to confirm the diagnosis, and from selected cases, showing exclusive intra-cystic neoplastic component, additional sections were cut at 3 subsequent 200m intervals and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin, PAS and Alcian Blue, to possibly identify tumor invasion of the adjacent tissues, which could have been overlooked in the original histological preparations. Also, pertinent findings collected from the clinical charts and follow-up data were analyzed. Results: We identified 14 intraoral mucoepidermoid carcinomas treated by conservative surgery and with a minimum follow up of 5 years. The neosplasm were located in the hard palate (9 cases), the soft palate (2), the cheeck (2) and the retromolar trigone (1). In all instances histological examination was revealed the presence of a single cystic space, containing clusters of columnar, intermediate, epidermoid, clear and mucous-producing cells, the latter exhibiting distinct intra-cytoplasmic mucin production, as confirmed by PAS and Alcian Blue stains. The cysts were entirely circumscribed by fibrous connective tissue and no solid areas or infiltrating tumour clusters were detected. Conservative surgical resection was performed in all cases and no recurrences or nodal metastases were observed during the follow up period. Conclusions: Mucoepidermoid carcinomas showing prominent (>20%) intra-cystic proliferation currently are considered low-grade tumours. In addition, we also unveil the possibility that mucoepidermoid carcinomas, at least in their early growth phase, may display an exclusive intra-cystic fashion and might be considered as in situ carcinomas, unable to infiltrate adjacent tissues or metastasize.

Subject Areas

salivary glands, minor salivary glands, salivary gland carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, in situ carcinoma, intra-cystic carcinoma

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