Preprint Communication Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Faraday Instabilities Leading to Electrochemomechanical Generation of Sub-μA ACupon Application of DC Voltage Across Free Standing Oil-water Interfaces

Version 1 : Received: 26 March 2020 / Approved: 27 March 2020 / Online: 27 March 2020 (11:34:27 CET)

How to cite: Kushagra, A.; Pandey, A.; Giri, A.; Bazal, D.; Pradhan, A.K.; Rai, S.R. Faraday Instabilities Leading to Electrochemomechanical Generation of Sub-μA ACupon Application of DC Voltage Across Free Standing Oil-water Interfaces. Preprints 2020, 2020030408 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0408.v1). Kushagra, A.; Pandey, A.; Giri, A.; Bazal, D.; Pradhan, A.K.; Rai, S.R. Faraday Instabilities Leading to Electrochemomechanical Generation of Sub-μA ACupon Application of DC Voltage Across Free Standing Oil-water Interfaces. Preprints 2020, 2020030408 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0408.v1).

Abstract

In this article, we report the generation of alternating current by application of constant and ramping DC voltages across oil-water interfaces. The work reported here can be broadly divided into two parts depending on the shapes of oil-water interfaces i.e. flattened and curved. In the first part, an alternating current of ~100 nA (amplitude)was generated by applying a constant DC voltage of -3V& above across a free standing and flattened oil-water interface.In another part, an alternating current of ~150 nA (amplitude) was generated by applying a ramping up DC voltage starting from -5V to 5V, then again ramping back down to -5V for the free standing and curved interface. The suggested qualitative mechanism that engenders such a phenomenon includes the oil-water interface acting like a membrane. This membrane oscillates due to the electrophoretic movement of ions present in aqueous phase by application of a DC voltage across the interface.This electrophoretic movement of ions across oil-water interfaces causes the Faraday instabilities leading to oscillations of the said interface.This method could also be used to study the stress levels in the interfacial films between two immiscible liquids. It explores more-than-Moore’s paradigm by finding a substitute to a conventional alternator/inverter that generates alternating current upon applying DC voltage input. This work would be of substantial interest to researchers exploring alternatives to conventional AC generators that can be used in liquid environments and in the design of novel integrated circuits that could be used for unconventional computing applications.

Subject Areas

actuator; alternator; electrochemomechanical; inverter; more-than-Moore; oil-water interface; oscillator; pH; unconventional computing

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