Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

One Observer Universe: A Geometric Interpretation of Speed of Light and Mass

Version 1 : Received: 12 March 2020 / Approved: 13 March 2020 / Online: 13 March 2020 (03:28:37 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Journal reference: International Journal of Modern Physics A 2021, 36, 2150137
DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X21501372


In this paper, we investigate how Rindler observer measures the universe in the ADM formalism. We compute his measurements in each slice of the space-time in terms of gravitational red-shift which is a property of general covariance. In this way, we found special relativity preferred frames to match with the general relativity Rindler frame in ADM formalism. This may resolve the widely known incompatibility between special relativity and general relativity on how each theory sees the red-shift. We found a geometric interpretation of the speed of light and mass.


general relativity; gravity; black holes; ADM formalism

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