Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Nicotinamide (aka Niacinamide) Mitigates SASP-Related Inflammation Induced by Environmental Stressors in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes

Version 1 : Received: 11 March 2020 / Approved: 12 March 2020 / Online: 12 March 2020 (03:23:18 CET)

How to cite: Bierman, J.C.; Laughlin, T.; Tamura, M.; Hulette, B.C.; Mack, C.E.; Tan, C.Y.R.; Morenc, M.; Bellanger, S.; Oblong, J.E. Nicotinamide (aka Niacinamide) Mitigates SASP-Related Inflammation Induced by Environmental Stressors in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes. Preprints 2020, 2020030192 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0192.v1). Bierman, J.C.; Laughlin, T.; Tamura, M.; Hulette, B.C.; Mack, C.E.; Tan, C.Y.R.; Morenc, M.; Bellanger, S.; Oblong, J.E. Nicotinamide (aka Niacinamide) Mitigates SASP-Related Inflammation Induced by Environmental Stressors in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes. Preprints 2020, 2020030192 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0192.v1).

Abstract

Daily exposure of skin to environmental stressors leads to molecular and morphological changes ascribed as premature aging. These stressors include solar radiation, industrial pollution, fossil fuel and carbon emissions, which cause cellular damage that induces an inflammatory response in skin. Several inflammatory components are known to be involved in triggering the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) which is known to accelerate aging. It is hypothesized that preventing induction of inflammation by environmental stressors can prevent premature aging. Since it is known that nicotinamide (Nam) has anti-inflammatory properties, we tested whether Nam can inhibit environmental stressor-induced inflammation. Exposure of keratinocytes to UVB, urban dust, diesel exhaust, and cigarette smoke extract stimulated production of the inflammatory mediators PGE2, IL-6, and IL-8 and induced gene expression patterns associated with apoptosis, DNA repair, and cell cycle control. In all cases, Nam treatment significantly inhibited these stress-induced responses. Nam also reduced IL-8 levels stimulated by the combination of topically applied particulate matter (PM2.5) and UV exposure in 3D skin equivalents. Under 5% 02 conditions that more closely mimic physiological 02 levels, Nam had a heightened inhibitory effect on UVB-induced PGE2 levels in keratinocytes. In a UV-challenge study, treatment with Nam reduced skin surface IL-1RA/IL-1 inflammatory biomarkers and erythema that were induced by solar simulated radiation. These findings provide a body of evidence that Nam can mitigate in part the skin’s inflammatory response elicited by exposure to environmental stressors. This supports the potential that Nam can inhibit premature aging and help maintain skin’s functionality and appearance.

Subject Areas

epidermal keratinocytes; inflammation; nicotinamide; skin; ultraviolet radiation; environmental stressors

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