Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Adhesion Hysteresis due to Chemical Heterogeneity

Version 1 : Received: 6 March 2020 / Approved: 8 March 2020 / Online: 8 March 2020 (04:31:20 CET)

How to cite: Popov, V.L. Adhesion Hysteresis due to Chemical Heterogeneity. Preprints 2020, 2020030131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0131.v1). Popov, V.L. Adhesion Hysteresis due to Chemical Heterogeneity. Preprints 2020, 2020030131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0131.v1).

Abstract

According the JKR theory of adhesive contact, changes of the contact configuration after formation of the adhesive neck and before detaching are completely reversible. This means, that after formation of the initial contact, the force-distance dependencies should coincide, independently on the direction of the process (indentation or pull-off). In the majority of real systems, this invariance is not observed. The reasons for this may be either plastic deformation in the contacting bodies or surface roughness. One further mechanism of irreversibility (and corresponding energy dissipation) may be chemical heterogeneity of the contact interface leading to the spatial dependence of the specific work of adhesion. In the present paper, this "chemical" mechanism is analyzed on a simple example of an axisymmetric contact (with axisymmetric heterogeneity). It is shown that in the asymptotic case of a "microscopic heterogeneity", the system follows, during both indentation and pull-off, JKR curves, however, corresponding to different specific surface energies. After the turning point of the movement, the contact area first does not change and the transition from one JKR curve to the other occurs via a linear dependency of the force on indentation depth. The macroscopic behavior is not sensitive to the absolute and relative widths of the regions with different surface energy but depends mainly on the values of the specific surface energy.

Subject Areas

adhesion; hysteresis; energy dissipation; JKR theory; MDR; specific surface energy; hetero-geneity

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