Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Carbon and Biodiversity Outcomes under Divergent Management Scenarios in Shifting Cultivation Landscapes in the Upland Philippines

Version 1 : Received: 1 March 2020 / Approved: 2 March 2020 / Online: 2 March 2020 (02:27:00 CET)

How to cite: Mukul, S.A.; Herbohn, J.; Firn, J.; Gregorio, N. Carbon and Biodiversity Outcomes under Divergent Management Scenarios in Shifting Cultivation Landscapes in the Upland Philippines. Preprints 2020, 2020030023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0023.v1). Mukul, S.A.; Herbohn, J.; Firn, J.; Gregorio, N. Carbon and Biodiversity Outcomes under Divergent Management Scenarios in Shifting Cultivation Landscapes in the Upland Philippines. Preprints 2020, 2020030023 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0023.v1).

Abstract

The Philippines is both a biodiversity hotspot and a megadiverse country. The country also has experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation in Southeast Asia and is among the first countries to introduce a massive reforestation program to address the country’s rapid biodiversity and forest loss. Drawing upon an empirical study from the Leyte island and other relevant case studies from the Philippines, in this chapter, we demonstrate that recovering secondary forests following shifting cultivation, locally known as kaingin have the high potentials for biodiversity and carbon co-benefits. Based on our empirical study, we also found that secondary forest regrowing after kaingin use can potentially be used as a cost-effective reforestation measure with multiple benefits to people and the environment in upland areas of the Philippines. We also discuss measures that are essential for such programs to be successful.

Subject Areas

shifting cultivation; Philippines; biodiversity; carbon; REDD+

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