Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dissipation of Momenergy to a Bose Gas by an Electromagnetic Propulsion Device

Version 1 : Received: 18 February 2020 / Approved: 20 February 2020 / Online: 20 February 2020 (08:02:26 CET)

How to cite: Cornwall, R. Dissipation of Momenergy to a Bose Gas by an Electromagnetic Propulsion Device. Preprints 2020, 2020020293 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0293.v1). Cornwall, R. Dissipation of Momenergy to a Bose Gas by an Electromagnetic Propulsion Device. Preprints 2020, 2020020293 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0293.v1).

Abstract

Theoretical analysis into the energetics of a novel putative electromagnetic field propulsion device by the author, found that it was able to impart momenergy to the ground state of the electromagnetic field; some rest-energy of the craft was converted to kinetic energy of the craft. Electrical analysis showed that the propulsor was always a net electrical load – if the device accelerated from one frame, then deaccelerated to the original frame, both processes would consume electrical work. The aim of this paper is to look further into this sinking of high-grade electrical energy into the field ground state and to show that an even more pernicious form of 2nd Law of Thermodynamics exists.

Subject Areas

2nd Law; Thermodynamics; Quantum mechanics; Zero-point

Comments (3)

Comment 1
Received: 20 February 2020
Commenter: Remi Cornwall
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Author writes: I will put up another version in a few weeks to:- a) Expand more the idea of the restoring force keeping all the modes in lock-step, b) consider the density of states of the EM field to plump for the Bose-Einstein distribution to describe the thermalization of the kinetic energy of the modes of the zero-point-energy, c) use Boltzmann's H-theorem to show near equilibrium evolution to the BE distribution. Looking further ahead, if the ideas are valid (especially the putative propulsion device), one wonders if there are other phenomenon that can dump momenergy to the k.e. of the zpe modes of the field. Might this have something to do with the Black-hole Information paradox... are we neglecting a system and thus might we find that evolution is always unitary?
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Comment 2
Received: 6 March 2020
Commenter: Remi Cornwall
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The Author has some hunches about black hole entropy coming from this EMProp project and the mystery of where the momentum from the device gets dumped...: I believe I can model the movement and thermalisation of the zpe as a Debye solid. Now within the event horizon the zpe is cut off from the rest of the universe, so it could equibriate, unlike the case of momentum dumping for the EMProp device, where it essentially thermally diffuses away to the rest of the universe. I believe integrating over the volume will derive the Area Law and provide *a material mechanism* for black hole entropy based on ideas of thermalisation of *movement* of the zpe modes.
To see how hunches work and the creative process, I can see where I can get a factor of h^2 in the Area Law - this would come from considering the zpe mass-energy itself moving (hw) and then this movement itself being quantised (another factor of hw) as another harmonic oscillator (there's a restoring force as the modes move relative to one another, see paper in question). It's just a hunch bouncing around, not even on scrap paper yet.
As to how a BH could generate entropy like this, I don't know at present. I believe there is a mechanism for the EMProp device to dump momentum in this fashion via the Feynman disk/changing of radius during cycling (see first paper in series www.evosci.org/EMProp.htm. So who knows? It may involve the setting up of large static ExB fields and then a change in radius as the star collapses. All hunches and conjecture at the moment.
I think these ideas warrant another paper and I may or may not make some of the ideas more rigorous in the current paper, along the lines of the previous comment.
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Comment 3
Received: 17 April 2020
Commenter: Remi Cornwall
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: I have now (I believe) a coherent and fairly quantitative argument about the restoring force, the nature of the system formed, the nature of the dissipation (or other means...) of the transfer of momentum and a host of other insights. I'm just sketching the outline, section headings but struggling a little with motivation during this COVID lockdown. I need a change of scenery (country walks, walks by the coast), especially in this lovely spring weather, to clear the mind and to motivate. Watch this space, I should have something up soonish. I might leave the conjecture about the BH stuff for another paper and keep the new one tighter. I should also tie up another loose end in a paper about the cosmological constant and a hunch I had but left hanging.
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