Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Genotypic and Phenotypic Variations on Essential Oil Aromatic Profiles of Makwhaen Fruits

Version 1 : Received: 18 February 2020 / Approved: 19 February 2020 / Online: 19 February 2020 (10:54:48 CET)

How to cite: Sriwichai, T.; Phusadee, T.; Wisetkomolmat, J.; sringarm, K.; Mekchay, S.; Jantanasakulwong, K.; Duangmal, K.; Sommano, S. Effect of Genotypic and Phenotypic Variations on Essential Oil Aromatic Profiles of Makwhaen Fruits. Preprints 2020, 2020020274 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0274.v1). Sriwichai, T.; Phusadee, T.; Wisetkomolmat, J.; sringarm, K.; Mekchay, S.; Jantanasakulwong, K.; Duangmal, K.; Sommano, S. Effect of Genotypic and Phenotypic Variations on Essential Oil Aromatic Profiles of Makwhaen Fruits. Preprints 2020, 2020020274 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0274.v1).

Abstract

In order to obtain makhwean (MK) fruit essential oil of constant aromatic profile during raw material sourcing, evaluation of relationship between genotype, phenotype and chemical profiles are necessary. Three specimens of the MK (MK1-3) distributed in Northern Thailand were genetically and morphologically compared with other Zanthoxylum spices known locally as mamaad (MM) and makwoung (MKO), respectively. MM was taxonomical confirmed as Z. armatum based on plant structure and leaf characteristic (Odd-pinnately compound leaf). MKO and MK were identified as Z. rhetsa and Z. myriacanthum using number of petals and anthers. Genetic sequencing by Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) sequence and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA moreover, divided these Zanthoxylum spps. into three groups accordingly to their species viz., MM, MKO and MK. Essential oil of the dried fruits from these samples was extracted and analysed for physical and chemical profiles. Cluster analysis (PCA-biplot) of volatile compositions was able to separate 1) MK1 and MK3 with limonene as leading component, 2) MK2 and MKO related with sabinene and β-philandrene, 3) MM with linalool. By using odour attribute representatives, the essential oil of MKO and MK1-3 were closely related possessing fruity, woody and citrus aromas, while the MM was sweet/ floral. In summary for MK raw material sourcing, plant genotyping played the most important role to odour characteristics than growing locations, thus plant species confirmation should be first considered.

Subject Areas

Chemical profiles; taxonomical description; volatile compositions; Zanthoxylum spp.

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