Preprint Hypothesis Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Calcium Channel Trafficking Blocker Gabapentin Bound to the α2δ-1 Subunit of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel: A Computational Structural Investigation

Version 1 : Received: 9 February 2020 / Approved: 10 February 2020 / Online: 10 February 2020 (11:59:38 CET)

How to cite: Li, W. Calcium Channel Trafficking Blocker Gabapentin Bound to the α2δ-1 Subunit of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel: A Computational Structural Investigation. Preprints 2020, 2020020127 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0127.v1). Li, W. Calcium Channel Trafficking Blocker Gabapentin Bound to the α2δ-1 Subunit of Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel: A Computational Structural Investigation. Preprints 2020, 2020020127 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0127.v1).

Abstract

For voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC), its α2δ subunits are traditionally considered to be auxiliary subunits that regulates VGCC trafficking to the plasma membrane. The antiepileptic, antinociceptive and anxiolytic gabapentin (GBP) has previously been shown to bind the VGCC α2δ subunits with high affinity to disrupt VGCC trafficking. Yet, the interaction between GBP and α2δ still remains poorly understood from a structural point of view. For instance, it is not clear yet what the structural implication is of α2δ-1-bound GBP against VGCC trafficking. With a set of experimental data-driven structural analysis of the VGCC α2δ-1 and its ligand GBP, this article postulates for the first time that: 1), α2δ-1 bound GBP stabilizes the α2δ-1-GBP complex structure; 2), α2δ-1 bound GBP restrains the conformational flexibility of α2δ-1; 3), α2δ-1-bound GBP establishes an electrostatic axis consisting of Q535 (Gln535)-R241 (Arg241)-GBP (gabapentin)-D452 (Asp452), which constitutes an energetically favourable contribution towards the structural stability of the α2δ-1-GBP complex and helps restrains the conformational flexibility and local structural rigidification of α2δ-1; and 4), GBP-induced local conformational inflexibility and structural rigidification of α2δ-1 is one key step in the pharmacological disruption of VGCC trafficking by GBP.

Subject Areas

Voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC); α2δ-1 subunit; Gabapentin (GBP); Local conformational inflexibility; VGCC trafficking

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