Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Entrepreneurial Interest and Entrepreneurial Competence among Spanish Youth: An Analysis with Artificial Neural Networks

Version 1 : Received: 22 January 2020 / Approved: 23 January 2020 / Online: 23 January 2020 (10:02:46 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Luis-Rico, I.; Escolar-Llamazares, M.-C.; Torre-Cruz, T.D.; Jiménez, A.; Herrero, Á.; Palmero-Cámara, C.; Jiménez-Eguizábal, A. Entrepreneurial Interest and Entrepreneurial Competence Among Spanish Youth: An Analysis with Artificial Neural Networks. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1351. Luis-Rico, I.; Escolar-Llamazares, M.-C.; Torre-Cruz, T.D.; Jiménez, A.; Herrero, Á.; Palmero-Cámara, C.; Jiménez-Eguizábal, A. Entrepreneurial Interest and Entrepreneurial Competence Among Spanish Youth: An Analysis with Artificial Neural Networks. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1351.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 1351
DOI: 10.3390/su12041351

Abstract

Introduction: Studies of the socio-economic function of entrepreneurship have emphasized the critical role that entrepreneurial competence and its implementation play at different stages of the education system. In this paper, we seek to determine the entrepreneurial interest of Spanish youth aged between 15 to 18 years of age, who find themselves in the state-regulated education system, at an initial stage in the development of entrepreneurship. A previously validated ad hoc questionnaire was applied through simple random sampling to 1,764 students at a secondary school in Spain. The analysis is done with Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), a technique that reduces the high dimensionality of data through Cooperative Maximum Likelihood Hebbian Learning (CMLHL), applying neurocomputational methods to the educational sciences. Spanish youth expressed a medium level of interest in entrepreneurship. Analysis with ANN shows that education in entrepreneurial competence is an influential aspect of interest in entrepreneurship. As conclusion, educational and curricular reforms must be undertaken to promote the development of entrepreneurial competence at various stages of compulsory education to increase interest in entrepreneurship.

Subject Areas

youth; secondary education; entrepreneurial intention; entrepreneurial interest; psychological variables

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