Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Detection of Spoofing Used Against the GNSS-Like Underwater Navigation Systems

Version 1 : Received: 15 January 2020 / Approved: 17 January 2020 / Online: 17 January 2020 (10:13:32 CET)

How to cite: Abramowski, T.; Bilewski, M.; Dobryakova, L.; Ochin, E.; Uriasz, J.; Zalewski, P. Detection of Spoofing Used Against the GNSS-Like Underwater Navigation Systems. Preprints 2020, 2020010187 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0187.v1). Abramowski, T.; Bilewski, M.; Dobryakova, L.; Ochin, E.; Uriasz, J.; Zalewski, P. Detection of Spoofing Used Against the GNSS-Like Underwater Navigation Systems. Preprints 2020, 2020010187 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0187.v1).

Abstract

The purpose of the work is an underwater positioning safety study that used the GNSS-like underwater navigation systems. In the process of research, we used the methods of software modeling of underwater spoofing processes. The spoofing problem consists of three stages: design of spoofers, design of spoofing detection systems, and design of anti-spoofing systems. This article discusses some methods of spoofing detection. We briefly describe the known methods of underwater positioning systems. Unlike GNSS, currently only LNSS (Local Navigation Satellite System) can be considered in this case. Spoofing detection systems with one hydrophone are of great practical importance, as they allow for use of standard hydroacoustic equipment. However, detection of spoofing is not possible in static mode, which is with underwater vehicle at rest. In case of two hydrophones the detection of spoofing in static mode is possible. We discuss the navigation based on the use of an acoustically passive receiver. The receiver “listens” to the buoys and solves the problem of finding its own position using the coordinates of the buoys (such systems are called GNSS-like Underwater Positioning Systems or GNSS-like UPS). Depending on the scale of system service area, GNSS-like UPS-es are divided into global, regional, zonal and local systems. In this article, we take into account only the local class of GNSS-like UPS. The acoustic signal generator transmits a simulation of several buoy signals. If the level of the simulated signal exceeds the signal strength of actual buoys, the UPS receiver will “lock onto” the fake signal and then calculate a false position basing on it. The development of further research should be focused on the creation of hardware and software systems for conducting physical experiments at depths up to 400 m.

Subject Areas

antiterrorism; underwater GNSS; underwater GPS; spoofer; antispoofing; spoofing detection; underwater transport safety

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