Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dynamic Changes of pStat3 are Involved in Meiotic Spindle Assembly in Mouse Oocytes

Version 1 : Received: 16 January 2020 / Approved: 17 January 2020 / Online: 17 January 2020 (09:56:23 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Haraguchi, S.; Ikeda, M.; Akagi, S.; Hirao, Y. Dynamic Changes in pStat3 are Involved in Meiotic Spindle Assembly in Mouse Oocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1220. Haraguchi, S.; Ikeda, M.; Akagi, S.; Hirao, Y. Dynamic Changes in pStat3 are Involved in Meiotic Spindle Assembly in Mouse Oocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1220.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1220
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21041220

Abstract

The signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is activated in response to the phosphorylation of Y705 (pStat3) and has the dual function of signal transduction and activation of transcription. Our previous study suggested that pStat3 is functional during oocyte maturation when transcription is silenced. Therefore, we speculated that pStat3 may have another function. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that pStat3 emerges at the microtubule asters and spindle and then localizes at the spindle poles concomitant with a Pericentrin during mouse oocyte maturation. When we examined conditionally knocked out Stat3−/− oocytes, we detected Stat3 and pStat3 proteins. The localization of the pStat3 was the same as that of Stat3+/+ oocytes, and the oocyte maturation proceeded normally, suggesting that pStat3 was still functioning. The oocytes were treated either with the Stat3 specific inhibitors, Stattic and BP-1-102, or anti-pStat3 antibody injection. This caused significant abnormal spindle assembly and chromosome mis-location in a dose-dependent manner, in which the pStat3 was either negative or localized improperly. Moreover, development of pre-implantation stage embryos derived from inhibitor-treated oocytes was also hampered significantly after in vitro fertilization. These findings indicate a novel function of pStat3 involved in spindle assembly.

Subject Areas

Stat3; pStat3; oocyte maturation; meiosis; spindle assembly; MTOCs

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