Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Lorentz Symmetry Group, Retardation, and Galactic Rotation Curves

Version 1 : Received: 27 December 2019 / Approved: 29 December 2019 / Online: 29 December 2019 (04:57:08 CET)

How to cite: Yahalom, A. Lorentz Symmetry Group, Retardation, and Galactic Rotation Curves. Preprints 2019, 2019120370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0370.v1). Yahalom, A. Lorentz Symmetry Group, Retardation, and Galactic Rotation Curves. Preprints 2019, 2019120370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0370.v1).

Abstract

The general theory of relativity (GR) is known to be invariant under smooth coordinate transformations (diffeomorphism). This group has a subgroup known as the Lorentz group of symmetry which is manifested in the weak field approximation to GR. The dominant operator in the weak field equation of GR is thus the d'Alembert (wave) operator which has a retarded potential solution. Galaxies are huge physical systems having dimensions of many tens of thousands of light years. Thus any change at the galactic center will be noticed at the rim only tens of thousands of years later. Those retardation effects are neglected in present day galactic modelling used to calculate rotational velocities of matter in the rims of the galaxy and surrounding gas. The significant differences between the predictions of Newtonian instantaneous action at a distance and observed velocities are usually explained by either assuming dark matter or by modifying the laws of gravity (MOND). In this paper we will show that taking general relativity seriously without neglecting retardation effects one can explain the radial velocities of galactic matter in the M33 galaxy without postulating dark matter.

Subject Areas

spacetime symmetry; Relativity of space-time; Lorentz Symmetry Group; retardation; Galactic Rotation Curves

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