Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Electrical Characterization of CIGS Thin Film Solar Cells by Two and Four-Wires Probe Technique

Version 1 : Received: 26 December 2019 / Approved: 27 December 2019 / Online: 27 December 2019 (10:37:53 CET)

How to cite: Mosavi, A.; Beszedes, B.; Felde, I.; Nadai, L.; Gorji, N.E. Electrical Characterization of CIGS Thin Film Solar Cells by Two and Four-Wires Probe Technique. Preprints 2019, 2019120364 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0364.v1). Mosavi, A.; Beszedes, B.; Felde, I.; Nadai, L.; Gorji, N.E. Electrical Characterization of CIGS Thin Film Solar Cells by Two and Four-Wires Probe Technique. Preprints 2019, 2019120364 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0364.v1).

Abstract

The characterization of thin-film solar cells is of huge importance for obtaining high open-circuit voltage and low recombination rates from the interfaces or within the bulk of the main materials. Among the many electrical characterization techniques, the two- and four-wire probe using the Cascade instrument is of interest since the resistance of the wires, and the electrical contacts can be excluded by the additional two wires in 4-wire probe configuration. In this paper, both two and four-point probes configuration are employed to characterize the CIGS chalcogenide thin-film solar cells. The two-wire probe has been used to measure the current-voltage characteristics of the cell which results in a huge internal resistance. Therefore, the four-wire connection is also used to eliminate the lead resistance to enhance the characterization’s accuracy. The load resistance in the two-wire probe diminishes the photogenerated current density at smaller voltage ranges. In contrast, the proposed four-wire probe collects more current at higher voltages due to enhanced carrier collection efficiency from contact electrodes. The current conduction mechanism is also identified at every voltage region represented by the value of the ideality factor of that voltage region. It is observed that a long time given to the charge collection results in increased current density at a higher voltage. According to the results and device characteristics, a novel double-diode model is suggested to extract the saturation current density, shunt and series resistances and the ideality factor of the cells. These cells are shown to be efficient in terms of low recombination at the interfaces and with lower series resistance as the quality of the materials is in its most possible conductive form. The measured internal resistance and saturation current density and ideality factor of the two measurement configuration is measured and compared.

Subject Areas

CIGS solar cell; Cascade; current conduction; thin film; two and four-point probe

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