Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study

Version 1 : Received: 23 December 2019 / Approved: 24 December 2019 / Online: 24 December 2019 (09:41:29 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sim, I.; Hwang, E.; Sin, B. A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1085. Sim, I.; Hwang, E.; Sin, B. A Self-Reflection Program for Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: A Phenomenological Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1085.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1085
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17031085

Abstract

The study aimed to understand the experiences of adolescent smokers who participated in a smoking cessation program based on self-reflection, and to develop the theoretical basis for constructing similar programs. The participants, ten students from middle and high schools located in cities G and S, were interviewed after the program ended. Data were collected from August to November 2019 and analyzed using a phenomenological approach to understand participant experiences in depth. The analysis revealed five major themes: ‘Uniqueness of the Program,’ ‘Perception of Smoking Cessation,’ ‘Positive Reflection on Life,’ ‘Understanding Others,’ and ‘A Search for Hope and Vision in Life.’ The findings revealed that the smoking cessation program facilitated the development of self-identity and vision, which may indirectly strengthen the motivation for adolescent smokers to quit smoking. These findings suggest the need for a life-changing smoking cessation program that enhances self-concept and self-esteem. Moreover, it highlights the importance of follow-up research to ensure effectiveness, and the need to develop programs with creative content.

Subject Areas

self-reflection; adolescent; Smoking Cessation Program

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