Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of a Comprehensive Health Care Program on Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, and Depression in Older Adults Living Alone: A Quasi-experimental Pre-posttest Study

Version 1 : Received: 4 December 2019 / Approved: 5 December 2019 / Online: 5 December 2019 (11:48:21 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hwang, E.J.; Sim, I.O. Effect of a Comprehensive Health Care Program on Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, and Depression in Older Adults Living Alone: A Quasi-Experimental Pretest–Posttest Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 220. Hwang, E.J.; Sim, I.O. Effect of a Comprehensive Health Care Program on Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, and Depression in Older Adults Living Alone: A Quasi-Experimental Pretest–Posttest Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 220.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 17, 220
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17010220

Abstract

This study explored the effects of a comprehensive health care program (CHCP) on blood pressure, blood glucose, body composition, and depression in older adults living alone. We used a quasi-experimental, two-group, pre-posttest design. The CHCP consisted of open lectures, health counseling, exercise classes, nutrition counseling, and self-help group meetings at a local senior welfare center. Fifty-eight subjects participated in this study, with thirty subjects in the experimental group and twenty-eight subjects in the control group. Data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics, χ²-test, and t-test. Comparisons of the pretest and posttest systolic blood pressure (t = - 2.530, p < .016) and blood glucose (t = 3.089, p < .004) between the experimental and control groups showed significant differences. In both the experimental (t = 3.949, p < .001) and control groups (t = 3.816, p < .002), depression symptoms showed a significant decrease post-test, compared with pre-test. Our findings infer that older adults require physical and psychosocial healthcare and that more efforts must be made to improve the general health and wellbeing of this population group.

Subject Areas

older adults; blood pressure; blood glucose,; depression,; senior center; comprehensive healthcare

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