Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Study of Periodic Signals from Blazars

Version 1 : Received: 3 December 2019 / Approved: 4 December 2019 / Online: 4 December 2019 (04:32:15 CET)

How to cite: Bhatta, G. Study of Periodic Signals from Blazars. Preprints 2019, 2019120039 Bhatta, G. Study of Periodic Signals from Blazars. Preprints 2019, 2019120039

Abstract

The search for periodic signals from blazars has become an actively pursued field of research in recent years. This is because periodic signals bring us information about the processes occurring near the innermost regions of blazars, which are mostly inaccessible to our direct view. Such signals provide insights into some of the extreme conditions that take place in the vicinity of supermassive black holes that lead to the launch of the relativistic jets. In addition, studies of characteristic timescales in blazar light curves shed light on some of the challenging issues in blazar physics that includes disk-jet connection, strong gravity near fast rotating supermassive black holes and release of gravitational waves from binary supermassive black hole systems. However, a number of issues associated with the search for quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) in blazars e.g., red-noise dominance, modest significance of the detection, periodic modulation lasting for only a couple of cycles and their transient nature, make it difficult to estimate the true significance of the detection. Consequently, it also becomes difficult to make meaningful inferences about the nature of the on-going processes. In this proceedings, results of study focused on searching for QPOs in a number of blazar multi-frequency light curves are summarized. The time series analyses of long term observations of the blazars revealed the presence of year-timescale QPOs in the sources including OJ 287 (optical), Mrk 501 (gamma-ray), J1043+2408 (radio) and PKS 0219 -164 (radio). As likely explanations, we discuss a number of scenarios including binary supermassive black hole systems, Lense–Thirring precession, and jet precession.

Subject Areas

supermassive black holes: non-thermal radiation; active galactic nuclei: BL Lacertae objects; galaxies: jets; method: time series analysis

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