Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hypothetical Role of Large Nuclear Gravity in Understanding the Significance and Applications of the Strong Coupling Constant

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2019 / Approved: 30 November 2019 / Online: 30 November 2019 (14:38:49 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 4 December 2019 / Approved: 4 December 2019 / Online: 4 December 2019 (04:48:31 CET)

How to cite: Seshavatharam, U.; Lakshminarayana, S. Hypothetical Role of Large Nuclear Gravity in Understanding the Significance and Applications of the Strong Coupling Constant. Preprints 2019, 2019110398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0398.v1). Seshavatharam, U.; Lakshminarayana, S. Hypothetical Role of Large Nuclear Gravity in Understanding the Significance and Applications of the Strong Coupling Constant. Preprints 2019, 2019110398 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0398.v1).

Abstract

As there exist no repulsive forces in strong interaction, in a hypothetical approach, strong interaction can be assumed to be equivalent to a large gravitational coupling. Based on this concept, strong coupling constant can be defined as a ratio of the electromagnetic force and the gravitational force associated with proton, neutron, up quark and down quark. With respect to the product of strong coupling constant and fine structure ratio, we review our recently proposed two semi empirical relations and coefficients 0.00189 and 0.00642 connected with nuclear stability and binding energy. We wish to emphasize that- by classifying nucleons as ‘free nucleons’ and ‘active nucleons’, nuclear binding energy can be fitted with a new class of ‘three term’ formula having one unique energy coefficient. In table-3, we present the estimated nuclear binding energy data for Z=3 to 120 and compare it with the two standard semi empirical mass formulae as a supplementary file.

Subject Areas

large nuclear gravity; strong coupling constant; nuclear stability; nuclear binding energy; free nucleons; active nucleons

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