Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Ion Exchange Dialysis for Aluminium Transport through a Face Centered Central Composite Design Approach

Version 1 : Received: 28 November 2019 / Approved: 29 November 2019 / Online: 29 November 2019 (04:36:11 CET)

How to cite: Asante-Sackey, D.; Rathilal, S.; V. Pillay, L.; Kweinor Tetteh, E. Ion Exchange Dialysis for Aluminium Transport through a Face Centered Central Composite Design Approach. Preprints 2019, 2019110370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0370.v1). Asante-Sackey, D.; Rathilal, S.; V. Pillay, L.; Kweinor Tetteh, E. Ion Exchange Dialysis for Aluminium Transport through a Face Centered Central Composite Design Approach. Preprints 2019, 2019110370 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0370.v1).

Abstract

An ion exchange dialysis (IED) is used in the recovery of aluminium from residue. In this papers, the face-centered central composite design (FC-CCD) of the response surface methodology (RSM) and desirability approach is used for experimental design, modelling and process optimization of a counter flow IED system. The feed concentration, feed flowrate, sweep flowrate and sweep concentration are selected as the process variables, with the Al-transport across a Nafion 117 membrane as the target response. A total of 30 experimental runs were conducted with 6 center points. The response obtained was analysed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and fitted to a second-order polynomial model using multiple regression analysis. The actual R2 and standard deviation of the model are 0.9548 and 0.2932 respectively. The influences of significant variables are plotted on 3D surface and contour plots. The designed variables were numerically optimized by applying the desirability function to achieve the maximum Al-transport. The optimised condition values were found to be feed concentration (1600 ppm), feed flowrate (61.76%), sweep flowrate (37.50%) and sweep concentration (0.75 N) for the 80% target response at 32hrs. Overall, the model can be used to effectively predict Al-recovery using the designed system

Subject Areas

aluminium; nafion; ion exchange dialysis; response surface methodology (rsm); desirability; enrichment

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