Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Open Campus Policies: How Built, Food, Social, and Organizational Environments Matter for Oregon’s Public High School Students’ Health

Version 1 : Received: 27 November 2019 / Approved: 29 November 2019 / Online: 29 November 2019 (04:18:03 CET)

How to cite: Budd, E.; Lievanos, R.; Amidon, B. Open Campus Policies: How Built, Food, Social, and Organizational Environments Matter for Oregon’s Public High School Students’ Health. Preprints 2019, 2019110369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0369.v1). Budd, E.; Lievanos, R.; Amidon, B. Open Campus Policies: How Built, Food, Social, and Organizational Environments Matter for Oregon’s Public High School Students’ Health. Preprints 2019, 2019110369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0369.v1).

Abstract

Open campus policies that grant access to the off-campus food environment influence U.S. high school students’ exposure to unhealthy foods, yet predictors of these policies are unknown. Policy holding and built (walkability), food (access to grocery stores), social (school-to-neighborhood demographic similarity), and organizational (policy holding of neighboring schools) environment data were collected for 200 Oregon public high schools. These existing data derived from the Oregon School Board Association, WalkScore.com, 2010 Decennial Census, 2010-2014 American Community Survey, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, TDLinex, Nielson directories, U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, and Common Core of Data. Most (67%) of Oregon public high schools had open campus policies. Logistic regression analyses modeled open campus policy holding as a function of built, food, social, and organizational environment influences. With health and policy implications, results indicate that schools’ walkability, food access, and extent of neighboring open campus policy-schools are significantly associated with open campus policy holding in Oregon.

Subject Areas

schools; youth; policy; built environment; food environment; social environment; organizational environment

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