Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Genome Sequencing of Pantoea agglomerans C1 Provides Insights into Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms of Plant Growth-Promotion and Tolerance to Heavy Metals

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2019 / Approved: 24 November 2019 / Online: 24 November 2019 (15:29:55 CET)

How to cite: Luziatelli, F.; Ficca, A.G.; Cardarelli, M.; Melini, F.; Cavalieri, A.; Ruzzi, M. Genome Sequencing of Pantoea agglomerans C1 Provides Insights into Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms of Plant Growth-Promotion and Tolerance to Heavy Metals. Preprints 2019, 2019110290 Luziatelli, F.; Ficca, A.G.; Cardarelli, M.; Melini, F.; Cavalieri, A.; Ruzzi, M. Genome Sequencing of Pantoea agglomerans C1 Provides Insights into Molecular and Genetic Mechanisms of Plant Growth-Promotion and Tolerance to Heavy Metals. Preprints 2019, 2019110290

Abstract

Distinctive strains of Pantoea are used as soil inoculants for their ability to promote plant growth. Pantoea agglomerans strain C1, previously isolated from the phyllosphere of lettuce, can produce indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), solubilize phosphate, and inhibit plant pathogens, such as Erwinia amylovora. In this paper, the complete genome sequence of strain C1 is reported. In addition, experimental evidence is provided on how the strain tolerates arseniate up to 100 mM, and on how secreted metabolites like IAA and siderophores act as biostimulants in tomato cuttings. The strain has a circular chromosome and two prophages for a total genome of 4,846,925-bp, with a GC content of 55.2%. Genes related to plant growth promotion and biocontrol activity, such as those associated with IAA and spermidine synthesis, solubilization of inorganic phosphate, acquisition of ferrous iron, and production of volatile organic compounds, siderophores and GABA, were found in the genome of strain C1. Genome analysis also provided better understanding of the mechanisms underlying strain resistance to multiple toxic heavy metals and transmission of these genes by horizontal gene transfer. Findings suggested that strain C1 exhibits high biotechnological potential as plant growth-promoting bacterium in heavy metal polluted soils.

Subject Areas

Pantoea agglomerans; plant growth-promotion; Solanum lycopersicum L.; indole-3-acetic acid; siderophores; arsenic resistance; complete genome; horizontal gene transfer

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