Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A New Paradox in Quantum Mechanics

Version 1 : Received: 18 November 2019 / Approved: 20 November 2019 / Online: 20 November 2019 (03:43:24 CET)

How to cite: Mardari, G. N. A New Paradox in Quantum Mechanics. Preprints 2019, 2019110234. Mardari, G. N. A New Paradox in Quantum Mechanics. Preprints 2019, 2019110234.


The EPR paradox is known as an interpretive problem, as well as a technical discovery in quantum mechanics. It defined the basic features of two-quantum entanglement, as needed to study the relationships between two non-commuting variables. In contrast, four variables are observed in a typical Bell experiment. This is no longer the same problem. The full complexity of this process can only be captured by the analysis of four-quantum entanglement. Indeed, a new paradox emerges in this context, with straightforward consequences. Either quantum behavior is capable of signaling non-locality, or it is local. Both alternatives appear to contradict existing knowledge. Still, one of them has to be true, and the final answer can be obtained conclusively with a four-quantum Bell experiment.


Bell’s theorem; EPR paradox; quantum entanglement; non-locality


Physical Sciences, Quantum Science and Technology

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