Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Low-Cost GNSS Solution for Continuous Monitoring of Slope Instabilities Applied to Madonna del Sasso Sanctuary (NW Italy)

Version 1 : Received: 8 November 2019 / Approved: 10 November 2019 / Online: 10 November 2019 (10:46:00 CET)

How to cite: Notti, D.; Cina, A.; Manzino, A.; Colombo, A.; Bendea, I.H.; Mollo, P.; Giordan, D. Low-Cost GNSS Solution for Continuous Monitoring of Slope Instabilities Applied to Madonna del Sasso Sanctuary (NW Italy). Preprints 2019, 2019110107 Notti, D.; Cina, A.; Manzino, A.; Colombo, A.; Bendea, I.H.; Mollo, P.; Giordan, D. Low-Cost GNSS Solution for Continuous Monitoring of Slope Instabilities Applied to Madonna del Sasso Sanctuary (NW Italy). Preprints 2019, 2019110107

Abstract

In the last years, the development of low-cost GNSS sensors allowed monitoring in a continuous way movement related to natural processes like landslides with increasing accuracy and limited efforts. In this work, we present the first results of an experimental low-cost GNSS continuous monitoring applied to the unstable slope affecting the Madonna del Sasso Sanctuary (NW Italy). The courtyard of Sanctuary is built of two unstable blocks delimited by high cliff. Previous studies and non-continuous monitoring showed that blocks suffer a seasonal cycle of thermal expansion and long-term trend to downslope of few millimeters per year. The presence of continuous monitoring solution, could be an essential help to better understand the kinematics of unstable slope and to recognize the beginning of a possible paroxysm phase that could end with a failure of the unstable area. We tested the accuracy of the instruments and the first year of experimental measurements are presented. We also propose a methodological approach that considers the use of automatized procedures for the identification of anomalous trends and a risk communication strategy based on monitoring data.

Subject Areas

low-cost GNSS; warning threshold; unstable slope; cultural heritage

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