Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Whole-Food Plant-Based Lifestyle Program and Decreased Obesity: A 10-Year Follow-up

Version 1 : Received: 23 October 2019 / Approved: 24 October 2019 / Online: 24 October 2019 (15:30:39 CEST)

How to cite: Jakše, B.; Jakše, B.; Pinter, S.; Pajek, J.; Fidler Mis, N. Whole-Food Plant-Based Lifestyle Program and Decreased Obesity: A 10-Year Follow-up. Preprints 2019, 2019100280 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0280.v1). Jakše, B.; Jakše, B.; Pinter, S.; Pajek, J.; Fidler Mis, N. Whole-Food Plant-Based Lifestyle Program and Decreased Obesity: A 10-Year Follow-up. Preprints 2019, 2019100280 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0280.v1).

Abstract

Failure of various weight-loss programs and long-term maintenance of favorable body composition in all kinds of people is high, since the majority go back to old dietary patterns. Many studies have documented the efficacy of a plant-based diet (PBD) for body mass management, but there are opinions that maintaining a PBD is difficult. We aimed to evaluate the long-term success of a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) lifestyle program. We investigated the differences in the obesity indices and lifestyle of 151 adults (39.6 ± SD 12.5 years), who were on our program for short (0.5–<2 years), medium (2–<5 years), or long term (5–10 years). Body-composition changes were favourable for all three groups, both genders and all participants. There were no differences in relative body-composition changes (BMI, body fat percentage and muscle mass index (MMI)) between the three groups. All participants improved their BMI (baseline mean pre-obesity BMI range (kg/m2): 26.4 ± 5.6 to normal 23.9 ± 3.8, p < 0.001), decreased body mass (–7.1 ± 8.3 kg, p < 0.001) and body fat percentage (–6.4 ± 5.6 % points, p < 0.001). Those with the highest BMI at baseline lost the most of: a) BMI units, b) total body mass and c) body fat (a) (kg/m2) (–5.6 ± SD 2.9, –2.4 ± 1.8 and –0.9 ± 1.5), b) (kg) (–16.1 ± SD 8.8, –7.1 ± 5.4 and –2.5 ± 4.5) and c) (% points) (–9.5 ± SD 5.7, –6.6 ± 4.6 and –4.7 ± 5.3) for participants who had baseline BMI in obese, overweight and normal range, respectively; pbaseline vs. current < 0.001 for all). 85.6% (101 out of 118) of parents of underage children (< 18 years), introduced WFPB lifestyle to their children. WFPB lifestyle program provides long-term lifestyle changes for reversal of obesity and is effective transferred to the next generation.

Subject Areas

nutrition; plant-based diet; vegan diet; lifestyle; obesity; body composition; weight-loss

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.