Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Exponential Disruptive Technologies and the Required Skills of Industry 4.0: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 19 October 2019 / Approved: 20 October 2019 / Online: 20 October 2019 (17:35:36 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 21 October 2019 / Approved: 23 October 2019 / Online: 23 October 2019 (03:45:59 CEST)

How to cite: Bongomin, O.; Ocen, G.G.; Nganyi, E.O.; Musinguzi, A.; Omara, T. Exponential Disruptive Technologies and the Required Skills of Industry 4.0: A Review. Preprints 2019, 2019100240 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0240.v1). Bongomin, O.; Ocen, G.G.; Nganyi, E.O.; Musinguzi, A.; Omara, T. Exponential Disruptive Technologies and the Required Skills of Industry 4.0: A Review. Preprints 2019, 2019100240 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0240.v1).

Abstract

The 21st century has witnessed a number of incredible changes ranging from the way of life and the technologies that emerged. Currently, we have entered a new paradigm shift called industry 4.0 where science fictions have become science facts, and technology fusion is the main driver. Therefore, ensuring that any advancement in technology reach and benefit all is the ideal opportunity for everyone. In this paper, disruptive technologies of industry 4.0 have been explored and quantified in terms of the number of their appearances in literature. This research mainly aimed at identifying industry 4.0 key technologies which have been ill-defined by previous researchers and to enlighten the required skills of industry 4.0. Comprehensive literature survey covering the field of engineering, production, and management from both academia and business was done from publication databases: Google scholar, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Sage, Taylor & Francis and Emerald insight. The results of the study show that 35 disruptive technologies were quantified and 13 key technologies: Internet of things, Big data, 3D printing, Cloud computing, Autonomous robots, Virtual and augmented reality, Cyber physical system, Artificial intelligence, Smart sensors, Simulation, Nanotechnology, Drones and Biotechnology were identified. Moreover, both technical and personal skills to be imparted into the human workforce for industry 4.0 were identified. The study reveals the need to investigate the capabilities and the readiness of some developing countries in adapting industry 4.0 in terms of the changes in the education systems and industrial manufacturing settings. In addition, the study proposes the need to address the ways for integration of industry 4.0 concepts into the current education system.

Subject Areas

disruptive technologies; education systems; Industry 4.0; key technologies; qualifications and skills; Internet of Things; Big Data; 3D Printing; Cloud Computing; Artificial Intelligence; Virtual and Augmented Reality

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