Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Solar Powered Automatic Pattern Design Grass Cutting Robot System Using Arduino

Version 1 : Received: 19 October 2019 / Approved: 20 October 2019 / Online: 20 October 2019 (02:03:44 CEST)

How to cite: Khan, D.M.; Mumtaz, Z.; Saleem, M.; Ilyas, Z.; Ma, Q.; Ghaffar, S.; ullah, S. Solar Powered Automatic Pattern Design Grass Cutting Robot System Using Arduino. Preprints 2019, 2019100231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0231.v1). Khan, D.M.; Mumtaz, Z.; Saleem, M.; Ilyas, Z.; Ma, Q.; Ghaffar, S.; ullah, S. Solar Powered Automatic Pattern Design Grass Cutting Robot System Using Arduino. Preprints 2019, 2019100231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0231.v1).

Abstract

We present an Arduino-based automatic robotic system which is used for cutting grass or lawns, mostly healthy grass which needs to cut neatly like in a public park or a private garden. The purpose of this proposed project is to design a programmable automatic pattern design grass cutting robot with solar power which no longer requires time-consuming manual grass-cutting, and that can be operated wirelessly using an Android Smartphone via Bluetooth from a safe distance which is capable of cutting the grass in indeed required shapes and patterns; the cutting blade can also be adjusted to maintain the different length of the grass. The main focus was to design a prototype that can work with a little or no Physical user interaction. The proposed work is accomplished by using an Arduino microcontroller, DC geared Motors, IR obstacle detection sensor, motor shield, relay module, DC battery, solar panel, and Bluetooth module. The grass-cutting robot system can be moved to the location in the lawn remotely where the user wants to cut the grass directly or in desired patterns. The user can press the desired pattern button from the mobile application, and the system will start cutting grass in the similar design such as a circle, spiral, rectangle, and continue pattern. Also, with the assistance of sensors positioned at the front of the vehicle, an automatic barrier detection system is introduced to enhance safety measurements to prevent any risks. IR obstacle detector sensors are used to detect obstacles, if any obstacle is found in front of the robot while traveling; it avoids the barrier by taking a right/right turn or stop automatically appropriately, thereby preventing the collision. Also, the main aim of this project is the formation of a grass cutter that relieves the user from mowing their own grasses and reduces environmental and noise pollution. The proposed system is designed as a lab-scale prototype to experimentally validate the efficiency, accuracy, and affordability of the systems. The experimental results prove that the proposed work has all in one capability (Simple and Pattern based grass cutting with mobile-application, obstacle detection), is very easy to use, and can be easily assembled in a simple hardware circuit. We note that the systems proposed can be implemented on a large scale under real conditions in the future, which will be useful in robotics applications and cutting grass in playing grounds such as cricket, football, and hockey, etc.

Subject Areas

Android; arduino; bluetooth; grass cutter; sensors; speech recognition

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