Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Enhanced Photoelectrocatalytic Performance of TiO2 Nanorods in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell by Using an Alcoholic Sacrificial Agent

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2019 / Approved: 19 October 2019 / Online: 19 October 2019 (17:04:29 CEST)

How to cite: Hariri, A.; Gilani, N.; Vahabzadeh Pasikhani, J. Enhanced Photoelectrocatalytic Performance of TiO2 Nanorods in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell by Using an Alcoholic Sacrificial Agent. Preprints 2019, 2019100228 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0228.v1). Hariri, A.; Gilani, N.; Vahabzadeh Pasikhani, J. Enhanced Photoelectrocatalytic Performance of TiO2 Nanorods in Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Cell by Using an Alcoholic Sacrificial Agent. Preprints 2019, 2019100228 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0228.v1).

Abstract

Photoelectrocatalytic water splitting by using various TiO2 nanostructures is a promising approach to generate hydrogen without harmful byproducts. However, their effective performance is restricted by some drawbacks such as high rapid electron-hole pair recombination and backward reaction producing H2O. Thus in this study, the probability of enhancing hydrogen generation rate by adding methanol as a sacrificial agent to the anodic chamber of a two-compartment photoelectrochemical cell is investigated. Herein, one-dimensional elongated TiO2 nanorods that were fabricated via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method are utilized as potent photoanode. Voltammetric characterizations confirm that addition of alcoholic sacrificial agent has a significant effect on photoelectrochemical properties of TiO2 nanorods which by adding 10 wt% of methanol, the photocurrent density and photoconversion efficiency increased from 0.8mA.cm-2 to 1.5mA.cm-2 and from 0.28% to 0.45%, respectively. The results of photoelectrocatalytic water splitting indicated that the hydrogen generation rate in the presence of methanol was about 1.2 times higher than that from pure water splitting. These enhancements can be attributed to the key role of methanol. Methanol molecules not only inhibit the electron-hole pair recombination but also accelerate the hydrogen generation rate by sharing their hydrogen atoms.

Subject Areas

TiO2 nanorods; water splitting; photoelectrocatalyst; sacrificial agent; one-pot hydrothermal

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