Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A New Theory on Redshift of Photons

Version 1 : Received: 20 September 2019 / Approved: 23 September 2019 / Online: 23 September 2019 (06:27:32 CEST)

How to cite: Hu, X. A New Theory on Redshift of Photons. Preprints 2019, 2019090262 Hu, X. A New Theory on Redshift of Photons. Preprints 2019, 2019090262


This article presents a new theory on redshift of light from celestial bodies. Lately it has been found that the Hubble constant calculated from different methods discord so much that calls arise for new physics to explain. Also, in addition to many unsolved puzzles like dark matter and source of expansion force, we shall show in this article that the current theory of redshift implies a few hidden, unreasonale assumptions. By assuming photon has temperature and its thermal energy is fully converted to wave energy, this article shows that photon can have a new redshift called Temperature Redshift, which not only is more significant for remote stars or galaxies, but also better fits the observational data, including those used in Hubble constant calculation. As such, if true, this new theory not only adds to our new understanding of photons, but may totally change our current understanding of the Universe, i.e., the Big Bang theory.


temperature; photon; spectrum line; redshift; Doppler redshift; Hubble’s Law; Universe Expansion; cosmologic redshift; Big Bang Theory


PHYSICAL SCIENCES, Astronomy & Astrophysics

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