Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mass and Energy Densities of the Cosmos

Version 1 : Received: 5 September 2019 / Approved: 6 September 2019 / Online: 6 September 2019 (10:53:04 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 20 September 2019 / Approved: 23 September 2019 / Online: 23 September 2019 (10:19:47 CEST)

How to cite: Obande, O.P. Mass and Energy Densities of the Cosmos. Preprints 2019, 2019090074 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0074.v1). Obande, O.P. Mass and Energy Densities of the Cosmos. Preprints 2019, 2019090074 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0074.v1).


Fundamental principles of classical (Newtonian) physics are employed to probe the cosmological lambda Λ; it yields the values ρvac = 2.61 x 10-39 g cm-3 and Λ = 4.78 x 10-62. The results reveal that Λ is a fundamental physical constant defined by vacuum density-light speed ρvacc2 correlation. However, the constant accelerates along the groups and periods of a universal spatial periodicity equivalent to the chemical periodicity. Previous results are cited to show that chemical elements are quantum harmonic (periodic) oscillators QHOs and their waveform oscillations exclusively define the vacuum field. A cosmological periodic unit CPU is introduced, it relies on the cosmological principle to argue that a relative physical quantity evaluated for the QHO applies to constituents of corresponding cosmological spatial quanta. Compelling evidences, backed with relevant data and quantitative expressions, are then presented to argue that: there was never a big bang, it is a Linde-universe sans “chaotic”; nature posts no singularity; mass does not curve spacetime, neither does metric space curvature trace directly to gravitation nor particle creation, gravity is classical, not quantum; reality is quadri-phasic not mono-phasic with a clear distinction between the atomic waveform defined with absolute atomic mass and condensed matter defined with relative atomic mass; every chemical element exists in three particle-generations thus, dark matter is invisible form (conjugate) of the visible element, its waveform manifests dark energy, it is not implicated in metric space expansion; Planck scale does not exist, radioactivity constrains fundamental length.

Subject Areas

Cosmic mass and energy densities; Dark matter and dark energy; LambdaCDM value; Metric space curvature and expansion; Vacuum field density

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