Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analytical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Hydrophobic, Rectangular Microchannels with General Navier-Slip Boundary Conditions

Version 1 : Received: 3 September 2019 / Approved: 5 September 2019 / Online: 5 September 2019 (11:27:50 CEST)

How to cite: Kashaninejad, N. Analytical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Hydrophobic, Rectangular Microchannels with General Navier-Slip Boundary Conditions. Preprints 2019, 2019090061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0061.v1). Kashaninejad, N. Analytical Modeling of Fluid Flow in Hydrophobic, Rectangular Microchannels with General Navier-Slip Boundary Conditions. Preprints 2019, 2019090061 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0061.v1).

Abstract

Fluid mechanics of flow in hydrophobic, rectangular microchannels with finite aspect ratios is of paramount importance. In such microchannels, not only the effect of the side walls should be taken into account, but also the classical assumption of no-slip boundary condition (BC) is no longer valid at the solid-liquid interface. Accordingly, slip flow can occur in microchannels fabricated from surfaces with low wetting conditions, hydrophobic surfaces. Determining the interactions of liquid molecules adjacent to solid surface is still a challenging issue, and it is especially important in small scale domains. Herein, the fluid mechanics of flow through rectangular hydrophobic microchannels has been reconsidered by taking into account the general Navier-slip BCs at the solid-liquid interface. For fully developed incompressible flow in microchannels at low Reynolds number, partial differential equation (PDE) of the momentum equation simplifies to the classical Poisson equation. Accordingly, by analytically solving the Poisson equations with general Navier-slip BCs, the most general forms of velocity distributions, flow rate, friction factor and Poiseuille number have been obtained.

Subject Areas

slip flow; navier-slip boundary condition; hydrophobic microchannels; analytical solutions; poiseuille number; velocity profile of poiseuille flow

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