Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Community Empowerment Model for Forest Revegetation and Preservation the Area Around the Springs: Arjuna Mount Case Study in East Java, Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 28 August 2019 / Approved: 29 August 2019 / Online: 29 August 2019 (17:17:32 CEST)

How to cite: Nugroho, M.; Soemarno, S.; Riniwati, H.; Afandhi, A. Community Empowerment Model for Forest Revegetation and Preservation the Area Around the Springs: Arjuna Mount Case Study in East Java, Indonesia. Preprints 2019, 2019080313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0313.v1). Nugroho, M.; Soemarno, S.; Riniwati, H.; Afandhi, A. Community Empowerment Model for Forest Revegetation and Preservation the Area Around the Springs: Arjuna Mount Case Study in East Java, Indonesia. Preprints 2019, 2019080313 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0313.v1).

Abstract

The research objectives were (1) to examine the determinants of community empowerment towards the revegetation of Arjuna mount forests; (2) assessing the influence of geography and soil conditions on the revegetation of Arjuna mount forests; (3) reviewing the effect of Arjuna mount forest revegetation on the preservation of spring water sources and (4) formulate a model of community empowerment around the forest based on revegetation of Arjuna mount and preservation of the area around the springs. The method used was descriptive method. While based on the techniques and tools used to research, the author uses the survey method to obtain facts that occur in the research area, namely in the area around the spring of the Kedunglarangan and Gumandar Prigen watersheds, Pasuruan Regency. Data obtained in the field are then processed and analyzed using GIS, ArcView 3.3 and Google Earth programs. The study population covering the community around the forest and springs, who lived in three villages, namely Leduk, Jatiarjo and Dayurejo village, Pasuruan, East Java-Indonesia. Data obtained from respondents with questionnaires and analyzed using SEM (structural equation modeling), to find out a general description of respondents' responses about community participation in the preservation of Arjuna mount forest. The results showed that (1) human resources, economic, social, local institutional factors, facilities and infrastructure had a very significant effect on forest revegetation; (2) geography and land variables have a significant effect on forest revegetation; (3) forest revegetation variables have a significant effect on the preservation of springs; and (4) The development of human resources, economic, local institutional, facilities and infrastructure in the community around the forest was a relevant model for the success of forest revegetation and the preservation of springs in Arjuna mount.

Subject Areas

community empowerment; springs; forest revegetation; Arjuna mount; soil and geographical conditions; plants vegetation profile

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