Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Navigation Algorithm Based on the Boundary Line of New and Old Soil Combined Using Guided Filtering and Improved Anti-noise Morphology

Version 1 : Received: 26 August 2019 / Approved: 27 August 2019 / Online: 27 August 2019 (10:37:59 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lu, W.; Zeng, M.; Wang, L.; Luo, H.; Mukherjee, S.; Huang, X.; Deng, Y. Navigation Algorithm Based on the Boundary Line of Tillage Soil Combined with Guided Filtering and Improved Anti-Noise Morphology. Sensors 2019, 19, 3918. Lu, W.; Zeng, M.; Wang, L.; Luo, H.; Mukherjee, S.; Huang, X.; Deng, Y. Navigation Algorithm Based on the Boundary Line of Tillage Soil Combined with Guided Filtering and Improved Anti-Noise Morphology. Sensors 2019, 19, 3918.

Journal reference: Sensors 2019, 19, 3918
DOI: 10.3390/s19183918

Abstract

An improved anti-noise morphology vision navigation algorithm is proposed for intelligent tractor tillage in a complex agricultural field environment. At first the two key steps, Guided Filtering and improved anti-noise morphology navigation line extraction were addressed in detail. Then the experiments were carried out in order to verify the effectiveness and advancement of the presented algorithm. Finally, the optimal template and it’s application condition were studied for improving the image processing speed. The comparison experiment results show that the YCbCr color space has minimum time consumption of 0.094 s in comparison with HSV, HIS and 2R-G-B color spaces. The Guided Filtering method can effectively distinguish the boundary between the new and old soil than other competing vanilla methods such as Tarel, Multi-scale Retinex, Wavelet-based Retinex and Homomorphic Filtering inspite of having the fastest processing speed of 0.113 s. The extracted soil boundary line of the improved anti-noise morphology algorithm has best precision and speed compared with other operators such as Sobel, Roberts, Prewitt and Log. After comparing different size of image template, the optimal template with the size of 140×260 pixels can meet high precision vision navigation while the course deviation angle is not more than 7.5°. The maximum tractor speed of the optimal template and global template are 51.41 km/h and 27.47 km/h respectively which can meet real-time vision navigation requirement of the smart tractor tillage operation in the field. The experimental vision navigation results demonstrated the feasibility of the autonomous vision navigation for tractor tillage operation in the field using the new and old soil boundary line extracted by the proposed improved anti-noise morphology algorithm which has broad application prospect.

Subject Areas

intelligent tractor; vision navigation; improved anti-noise morphology; boundary line; Guided Filtering

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