Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour with Mental Health in a Nationwide Sample of Kazakhstan Adolescents

Version 1 : Received: 14 August 2019 / Approved: 15 August 2019 / Online: 15 August 2019 (16:17:46 CEST)

How to cite: Ng, K.; Cosma, A.; Abdrakhmanova, S..; Adayeva, A. The Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour with Mental Health in a Nationwide Sample of Kazakhstan Adolescents. Preprints 2019, 2019080170 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0170.v1). Ng, K.; Cosma, A.; Abdrakhmanova, S..; Adayeva, A. The Associations of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour with Mental Health in a Nationwide Sample of Kazakhstan Adolescents. Preprints 2019, 2019080170 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0170.v1).

Abstract

As mental health problems tend to increase during adolescence and is a serious public health issue in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Early detection is necessary and monitoring at the population level can be used to evaluate the progress of national programmes promoting positive well-being. Physical activity (PA) can be protective whereas increased screen time behaviours (STB) can be a risk for low levels of well-being. A national representative sample (n=4,731) of young adolescents aged 11y, 13y, and 15y from the Republic of Kazakhstan took part in the WHO collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Respondents completed the WHO-5 Well-being scale, and items in on PA and STB. Internationally recognised, recommended cut-offs were used for analyses. Two models of binary logistic regressions were performed to examine the associations with PA (Model 1) and PA with STB (Model 2) after stratification by gender and controlling for age, locality and family affluence. Three quarters of young adolescents in the Republic of Kazakhstan have good overall well-being, despite the proportion reduces as adolescents age from 11y to 15y (boys, OR=0.66 CI=0.49-0.80; girls, OR=0.55, CI=0.43-0.71). The odds ratio for positive well-being were more than twice for boys and more than 3.5 for girls who reported daily PA than not being active daily. Spending less time on STB for girls was associated with positive well-being than spending more STB time (OR=1.28, CI=1.04-1.59). Well-being among young adolescents drops dramatically between the ages of 11y and 15y and is higher among rural schools attendees than in urban schools. The recommended amounts of PA can be protective of low well-being for both boys and girls. However, meeting reporting STB recommendations was only protective for girls and not boys. Designing and implementing positive well-being programmes require consideration of locality and amounts of PA and STB

Subject Areas

WHO-5; well-being; rural; urban

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.