Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Overview of Meta-Analyses: The Impact of Lifestyle on Stroke Risk

Version 1 : Received: 5 August 2019 / Approved: 6 August 2019 / Online: 6 August 2019 (16:18:23 CEST)

How to cite: Altobelli, E.; Angeletti, P.M.; Rapacchietta, L.; Mattucci, M. Overview of Meta-Analyses: The Impact of Lifestyle on Stroke Risk. Preprints 2019, 2019080082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0082.v1). Altobelli, E.; Angeletti, P.M.; Rapacchietta, L.; Mattucci, M. Overview of Meta-Analyses: The Impact of Lifestyle on Stroke Risk. Preprints 2019, 2019080082 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0082.v1).

Abstract

Stroke is one of the most prevalent cardiovascular diseases worldwide, both in high-income countries and in medium and low-medium income countries. The WHO report on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) indicates that the highest behavioral risk in NCDs is attributable to incorrect nutrition. The objective of our work is to present an overview of meta-analyses that have investigated the impact of different foods and / or drinks in relationship with the risk of stroke events (ischemic/ hemorrhagic). The papers to be included in the overview were sought in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Clinicaltrials.gov, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library and were selected according to PRIMA flow chart. Quality assessment were made according to AMSTAR scale. This overview shows that all primary studies came from countries with high income level. This evidence shows that many countries are not represented. Therefore, different lifestyles, ethnic groups, potentially harmful or virtuous eating habits are not reported. It is important to underline how the choose of foods may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases and stroke in particular.

Subject Areas

overview; meta-analyses; stroke; nutrition; geographical areas

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