Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study on Fatigue State Evaluation of Rail by the Use of Ultrasonic Nonlinearity

Version 1 : Received: 27 July 2019 / Approved: 29 July 2019 / Online: 29 July 2019 (06:10:25 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhu, B.; Lee, J. A Study on Fatigue State Evaluation of Rail by the Use of Ultrasonic Nonlinearity. Materials 2019, 12, 2698. Zhu, B.; Lee, J. A Study on Fatigue State Evaluation of Rail by the Use of Ultrasonic Nonlinearity. Materials 2019, 12, 2698.

Journal reference: Materials 2019, 12, 2698
DOI: 10.3390/ma12172698

Abstract

Nonlinear ultrasonic testing has been accepted as a promising manner for evaluating material integrity in an early stage. Stress fatigue is the main threats to train safety, railways examinations for stress fatigue are more significant and necessary. A series of ultrasonic nonlinear wave experiments are conducted for rail specimens extracted from railhead with different degree of fatigue produced by three-point bent loading condition. The nonlinear parameter is the indicator of nonlinear waves for expressing the degree the fatigue. The experimental results show that the sensitivity of a third harmonic longitudinal wave is higher than second harmonic longitudinal wave testing. As the same time, collinear wave mixing shows strong relative with fatigue damages than a second longitudinal wave NDT method and provides more reliable results than third harmonic longitudinal waves nonlinear testing method.

Subject Areas

railway; fatigue; ultrasonic; nonlinear; wave mixing

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