Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Epidemiology of Clinical Hantavirus Infections in Barbados, 2008-2016

Version 1 : Received: 25 July 2019 / Approved: 28 July 2019 / Online: 28 July 2019 (11:43:17 CEST)

How to cite: Douglas, K.O.; Samuels, T.A.; Gittens-St. Hilaire, M. Epidemiology of Clinical Hantavirus Infections in Barbados, 2008-2016. Preprints 2019, 2019070308 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0308.v1). Douglas, K.O.; Samuels, T.A.; Gittens-St. Hilaire, M. Epidemiology of Clinical Hantavirus Infections in Barbados, 2008-2016. Preprints 2019, 2019070308 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0308.v1).

Abstract

Analysis of the demographic, temporal and seasonal distribution of hantavirus infections in Barbados was conducted using national surveillance data for 861 laboratory confirmed cases during 2008-2016. The crude incidence rate of hantavirus infections varied from 5.05 to 100.16 per 100,000 persons per year. One major hantavirus epidemic occurred in Barbados during 2010. Hantavirus cases occurred throughout the year with low level transmission during the dry season (December to June) with increased transmission during rainy season (July to November) and a seasonal peak in August. Hantavirus incidence rates were significantly higher in females than males every year during the study period. More than 50% of hantavirus cases were 30 years of age or less. The highest incidence rate (63.36 cases per 100,000 population) was observed among patients 0–4 years of age. This represents the first epidemiological data for hantavirus disease among an entire population in the English-speaking Caribbean.

Subject Areas

orthohantavirus; bunyavirus; VHF; viruses; haemorrhagic fever; epidemiology; infectious diseases; Barbados; Caribbean; virology; incidence; vectors; Americas

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.