Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

HIV Treatment, Prevention, Surveillance and Patient Monitoring in South Africa

Version 1 : Received: 18 July 2019 / Approved: 19 July 2019 / Online: 19 July 2019 (10:46:48 CEST)

How to cite: Williams, B. HIV Treatment, Prevention, Surveillance and Patient Monitoring in South Africa. Preprints 2019, 2019070228. Williams, B. HIV Treatment, Prevention, Surveillance and Patient Monitoring in South Africa. Preprints 2019, 2019070228.


South Africa is afflicted with the worst epidemic of HIV in the world a legacy of the system of oscillating migrant labour in the region and the consequent social disruption that was the legacy of Apartheid. The initial response from the national government was slow and ineffective but once the magnitude of the epidemic became apparent the government began to respond. The investment in HIV- and TB-related activities in 2013 was R22 Bn or (US$2.5; 2013 exchange rate) of which the South Africa government contributed 80% and the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) 17%. South Africa now has the more people on anti-retroviral therapy than any other country and treatment is being started much sooner after infection. Much of the best biomedical, virological, immunological, mathematical and social science around the treatment and prevention of HIV and AIDS and the associated epidemic of TB has been done by South African’s and their international collaborators. If the efforts to control the epidemic are maintained South Africa is on track to meet the UNAIDS 90-90-90target by 2020 and to End AIDS by 2030 in spite of the magnitude of the problem. While individual, patient level data are increasingly available, especially in the Western Cape, much greater efforts need to be made to ensure that the information collected in this way is used to give feedback and support to clinic staff, to ensure that health clinics are providing the best possible service, and to individual patients and people living with HIV to ensure that they are receiving the best possible care and support. South Africa needs to make better use of the rich and detailed data that are being collected from individual clinics and their patients to identify problems or difficulties at the clinic level and to ensure that individual patients are retained on treatment, are virally suppressed and receive the best possible care and support.


HIV, Tuberculosis, South Africa, Epidemic control


Biology and Life Sciences, Virology

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