Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Virtual Power Plants and Their Prospects

Version 1 : Received: 5 July 2019 / Approved: 8 July 2019 / Online: 8 July 2019 (04:00:00 CEST)

How to cite: Feksa Ramos, L.; Neves Canha, L. Virtual Power Plants and Their Prospects. Preprints 2019, 2019070099. Feksa Ramos, L.; Neves Canha, L. Virtual Power Plants and Their Prospects. Preprints 2019, 2019070099.


This article presents an in-depth review of Virtual Power Plant (VPP), its organization in the energy system and its prospects in the face of the promising future of the increasing bidirectional complexity exposed in the current scenario. A new paradigm for the operations of modern power distribution and transmission systems requires greater grid flexibility that is accompanying an extensive change in the structure of electricity markets, the fruit of the development of the renewable industry and of the growing photovoltaic systems popularized, but in contrast due to the intermittent nature cause variable uncertainties in the power system. Innovative concepts like VPP are becoming a reality, establishing an efficient and effective mechanism. The objectives and components are described in a comprehensive way, and some of the most important are pointed out and presented in detail to contribute with a description of the energy systems and the implicit research needed for sustainability and resilience in the eminent energy scenario with this technology. In addition, the literature and studies of this technology already indicate a direction of this new tool as a promising solution to manage the uncertainties of the renewable energies.


virtual power plant; distributed energy sources; smart grid


Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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