Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Assessment of the Current Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Version 1 : Received: 27 June 2019 / Approved: 28 June 2019 / Online: 28 June 2019 (12:37:43 CEST)

How to cite: Felimban, A.; Prieto, A.; Knaack, U.; Klein, T.; Qaffas, Y. Assessment of the Current Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Preprints 2019, 2019060299 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0299.v1). Felimban, A.; Prieto, A.; Knaack, U.; Klein, T.; Qaffas, Y. Assessment of the Current Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Preprints 2019, 2019060299 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0299.v1).

Abstract

In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), residential buildings’ energy consumption accounts for almost 50% of the building stock electricity consumption. The electricity generation consumes over one-third of the daily oil production. KSA was ranked as one of the highest countries in fossil fuel consumption per capita in 2014. Moreover, the KSA’s economy heavily relies on fossil fuel sources, namely oil reservoirs, whereby depletion will negatively affect the future development of the country. The total electricity consumption is annually growing by approximately 5-8%, which would lead to identical oil consumption to oil production in 2035. Currently, the KSA government is concerned to generate more renewable energy using large renewable energy plants. The government is investing in energy generation through renewable sources, by financing large scale photovoltaic farms to stop an economic crisis that may occur in 2035. The existing building stock consumes around 80% of the total current Saudi electricity that is generated. According to the Saudi energy efficiency report, the primary energy consumption per capita is over three times higher than the world average. Therefore, the residential buildings need further assessment as to their current energy consumption. This research used a survey to explore current user behaviour in residential buildings energy performance in the city of Jeddah, KSA. The findings of the survey showed: • The buildings thermal properties were found to be poorly designed • The majority of users within the buildings prefer a room temperature of below 24 °C, which requires a massive amount of cooling • Due to the climate conditions and the cultural aspects of KSA, housing units are occupied for more than 18 hours per day • An increase in user awareness has helped to slightly improve residential buildings energy efficiency Knowing the current high energy consumption sources and causes and being able to define available opportunities for further developments on building thermal properties enhancements and how to increase user awareness to reach self-sustaining buildings is essential.

Subject Areas

Energy Consumption, Saudi Arabia, Renewable Energy, Building Envelope, Energy Efficiency

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