Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Ectopic Lipid Accumulation is Key Feature in Early Stages of Wooden Breast

Version 1 : Received: 18 June 2019 / Approved: 20 June 2019 / Online: 20 June 2019 (08:08:07 CEST)

How to cite: Lake, J.A.; Papah, M.B.; Abasht, B. Ectopic Lipid Accumulation is Key Feature in Early Stages of Wooden Breast. Preprints 2019, 2019060194 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0194.v1). Lake, J.A.; Papah, M.B.; Abasht, B. Ectopic Lipid Accumulation is Key Feature in Early Stages of Wooden Breast. Preprints 2019, 2019060194 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0194.v1).

Abstract

Wooden breast is a muscle disorder affecting modern commercial broiler chickens that causes a palpably firm pectoralis major muscle and severe reduction in meat quality. Most studies have focused on advanced stages of wooden breast apparent at market age, resulting in limited insights into the etiology and early pathogenesis of the myopathy. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify early molecular signals in the wooden breast transcriptional cascade by performing gene expression analysis on the pectoralis major muscle of two-week-old birds that may later exhibit the wooden breast phenotype by market age at 7 weeks. Biopsy samples of the left pectoralis major muscle were collected from a subset of 101 birds randomly selected from a total of 302 birds at 14 days of age, after which all birds were raised to 7 weeks of age for scoring of wooden breast. RNA sequencing was performed on 5 unaffected and 8 affected female chicken samples, selected based on wooden breast scores (0 to 4) assigned at necropsy where affected birds had scores of 2 or 3 (mildly or moderately affected) while unaffected birds had scores of 0 (no apparent gross lesions). Differential expression analysis identified 60 genes found to be significant at an FDR-adjusted p value of 0.05. Of these, 26 were previously demonstrated to exhibit altered expression or genetic polymorphisms related to glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus in mammals. Additionally, 9 genes have functions directly related to lipid metabolism and 11 genes are associated with adiposity traits such as intramuscular fat and body mass index. This study suggests that wooden breast disease is first and foremost a metabolic disorder characterized primarily by ectopic lipid accumulation in the pectoralis major.

Subject Areas

wooden breast; broilers; myopathy; breast muscle

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