Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Bioactive Substances in Trees and Shrubs of Central Europe

Version 1 : Received: 14 June 2019 / Approved: 17 June 2019 / Online: 17 June 2019 (09:57:41 CEST)

How to cite: Szwajkowska-Michalek, L.; Przybylska-Balcerek, A.; Rogoziński, T.; Stuper-Szablewska, K. Bioactive Substances in Trees and Shrubs of Central Europe. Preprints 2019, 2019060156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0156.v1). Szwajkowska-Michalek, L.; Przybylska-Balcerek, A.; Rogoziński, T.; Stuper-Szablewska, K. Bioactive Substances in Trees and Shrubs of Central Europe. Preprints 2019, 2019060156 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0156.v1).

Abstract

: Plants produce specific structures constituting a barrier hindering penetration of pathogens, while they also produce substances inhibiting pathogen growth . These compounds are secondary metabolites, such as phenolics, terpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, resins, tannins and alkaloids. Bioactive compounds are secendary metabolities from trees and shrubs are used in medicine, herbal medicine and cosmetology. To date fruits and flowers of exotic trees and shrubs have been primarily used as sources of bioactive compounds. In turn, search for new sources of bioactive compounds is currently focused on native plant species due to its availability. Application of such raw material needs to be based on knowledge of their chemical composition, particularly health-promoting or therapeutic compounds. Research conducted to date on European trees and shrubs has been scarce. This paper presents results of literature studies conducted to systematise knowledge on bioactive compounds found in trees and shrubs native to central Europe. The aim of this review providing available information on the subject is to indicate gaps in the present knowledge.

Subject Areas

Keywords: bioactive compounds from European trees and shrubs, gallic and cinnamic acids,quercetin, pinosylvin, β–sitosterol, alfa- and β-pinene

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